Utilizing 401(k) funds to pay off a mortgage early results in less total interest paid to the lender over time. However, this advantage is strongest if you're barely into your mortgage term. If you're instead deep into paying the mortgage off, you've likely already paid the bulk of the interest you owe.
Generally speaking, retirees with a 401(k) are left with the following choices—leave your money in the plan until you reach the age of required minimum distributions (RMDs), convert the account into an individual retirement account (IRA), or start cashing out via a lump-sum distribution, installment payments, or ...
While mortgage rates are currently low, they're still higher than interest rates on most types of bonds—including municipal bonds. In this situation, you'd be better off paying down the mortgage. You prioritize peace of mind: Paying off a mortgage can create one less worry and increase flexibility in retirement.
While you would not incur a penalty for early distribution of the funds from an IRA or 401(k) since you are over age 59½, any distributions you take and use to pay off a mortgage would be income to you and subject to tax.
Paying off your mortgage may not be in your best interest if: You have to withdraw money from tax-advantaged retirement plans such as your 403(b), 401(k) or IRA. This withdrawal would be considered a distribution by the IRS and could push you into a higher tax bracket.
Using one of these options to pay off your mortgage can give you a false sense of financial security. Unexpected expenses—such as medical costs, needed home repairs, or emergency travel—can destroy your financial standing if you don't have a cash reserve at the ready.
Dave Ramsey is certainly one of America's leading voices on finance. Ramsey is averse to debt of any kind and believes you should pay off your mortgage as fast as you can. In fact, he recommends that people only take out a 15-year mortgage that is no more than ¼ of their take-home pay.
Mortgages are the largest debt owned by many Americans, but paying them off before reaching retirement age isn't feasible for everyone. In fact, across the country, nearly 10 million homeowners who are still paying off their mortgage are 65 and older.
After you become 59 ½ years old, you can take your money out without needing to pay an early withdrawal penalty. You can choose a traditional or a Roth 401(k) plan. Traditional 401(k)s offer tax-deferred savings, but you'll still have to pay taxes when you take the money out.
What are the benefits of being mortgage free? Having more disposable income, and no interest to pay, are just some of the great benefits to being mortgage free. When you pay off your mortgage, you'll have much more money to put into savings, spend on yourself and access when you need it.
Paying off your mortgage early is a good way to free up monthly cashflow and pay less in interest. But you'll lose your mortgage interest tax deduction, and you'd probably earn more by investing instead. Before making your decision, consider how you would use the extra money each month.
When you pay your mortgage off in full, the loan servicer reports the balance paid in full, ceasing the ongoing credit benefits. Paying off your mortgage in full does not directly hurt your credit score, as long as the rest of your accounts are paid as agreed in a timely fashion.
“If you're going to stay living in that house for the rest of your life, pay off that mortgage as soon as you possibly can,” Orman tells CNBC. Without a mortgage, you'll have more financial security in retirement, she says.
If your monthly mortgage payment is greater than the interest you are receiving after tax, you will be better off paying off your mortgage. If you have an interest only mortgage, overpaying on the interest will have no effect on reducing your mortgage cost or term.
It's often more beneficial for newer owners to be aggressive with their mortgage payments. This is because your money is typically going towards the interest on the loan, not the principal itself. This means that any extra payments will reduce the total amount of interest owed over the course of the entire loan.
One of the pros of paying off your mortgage is that it is a guaranteed, risk-free return. One of the cons of paying off your mortgage is reduced liquidity, as it is much easier to access funds that are sitting in an investment or bank account.
Tax on a 401k Withdrawal after 65 Varies
Whatever you take out of your 401k account is taxable income, just as a regular paycheck would be; when you contributed to the 401k, your contributions were pre-tax, and so you are taxed on withdrawals.
Distributions in retirement are taxed as ordinary income. No taxes on qualified distributions in retirement. Withdrawals of contributions and earnings are taxed. Distributions may be penalized if taken before age 59½, unless you meet one of the IRS exceptions.
Because you don't pay taxes on your contributions, your withdrawals will be taxed at your ordinary income rate in retirement. But if you withdraw money from your 401(k) prior to age 59½, not only will you have to pay taxes, you'll also be hit with a 10 percent penalty.
Are 401k Withdrawals Considered Income for Social Security? No. Social Security only considers “earned income," such as a salary or wages from a job or self-employment.
The rule of 55 is an IRS guideline that allows you to avoid paying the 10% early withdrawal penalty on 401(k) and 403(b) retirement accounts if you leave your job during or after the calendar year you turn 55.