A volatility crush is the term used to describe the result of implied volatility exploding once the market opens higher or lower than where it closed the previous day. For new investors, implied volatility almost always seems to rise after a stock moves in either direction.
Profiting from IV crush depends on buying options when the implied volatility is low. This can be slightly ahead of an announcement, as many will track company earnings a week in advance. Traders should pay close attention to the option's historical volatility and compare IV against its historical valuations.
Typically, an IV crush happens when the market goes from a period or an event of unknown information to a period or an event of known information. In simpler terms, IV rises in anticipation of an event and falls after the event. Personally, I would say the best example of this is an upcoming earnings event.
The gamma squeeze happens when the underlying stock's price begins to go up very quickly within a short period of time. As more money flows into call options from investors, that forces more buying activity which can lead to higher stock prices.
For new investors, implied volatility almost always seems to rise after a stock moves in either direction. It is not that unusual for this spike in volatility to occur even when there is a small movement in the stock price.
IV (Implied Volatility) usually increases sharply a few days before earnings, and the increase should compensate for the negative theta. If the stock moves before earnings, the position can be sold for a profit or rolled to new strikes. Like every strategy, the devil is in details.
High implied volatility is beneficial to help traders determine if they want to buy or sell option premium. It also gives us an idea of how the market is perceiving the stock price to move over the course of a year. High IV means the stock could be more volatile than other low IV stocks.
IV crush is a phenomenon that tends to catch many beginners off guard. It is a situation where the extrinsic value of an option contract declines sharply because of a significant event occurring. For example, the reporting of corporate earnings or a regulatory announcement.
Along with the price of the underlying stock and the amount of time until expiration, implied volatility (IV) is a key component in determining an option price. All other things being equal, implied volatility and the option price will move in the same direction. That is, when IV rises, option premiums will also rise.
Implied volatility shows the market's opinion of the stock's potential moves, but it doesn't forecast direction. If the implied volatility is high, the market thinks the stock has potential for large price swings in either direction, just as low IV implies the stock will not move as much by option expiration.
When you see options trading with high implied volatility levels, consider selling strategies. As option premiums become relatively expensive, they are less attractive to purchase and more desirable to sell. Such strategies include covered calls, naked puts, short straddles, and credit spreads.
So when implied volatility increases after a trade has been placed, it's good for the option owner and bad for the option seller. Conversely, if implied volatility decreases after your trade is placed, the price of options usually decreases. That's good if you're an option seller and bad if you're an option owner.
The most profitable options strategy is to sell out-of-the-money put and call options. This trading strategy enables you to collect large amounts of option premium while also reducing your risk. Traders that implement this strategy can make ~40% annual returns.
IVs are always placed in veins, not arteries, allowing the medication to move through the bloodstream to the heart. Learn more about IVs by reading 10 Commonly Asked IV Therapy Questions.
An IV fluid drip involves a small tube called a catheter and a saline-based electrolyte solution that contains your selected vitamins and nutrients. An IV drip delivers these essential nutrients and fluids directly into your bloodstream, bypassing your digestive tract.
Specifically, the expression "volatility crush" refers to a sudden, sharp drop in implied volatility that triggers a similarly steep decline in an option's value. A volatility crush often occurs after a scheduled event takes place; for example, a quarterly earnings report, new product launch, or regulatory decision.
Decreased Market Volatility
The higher the overall implied volatility, or Vega, the more value an option has. Generally speaking, if implied volatility decreases then your call option could lose value even if the stock rallies.
Volatility is zero if there are no changes in the price (the price is constant). For example, if there was a stock and its price would stay at 20 dollars and never change, then its volatility would equal zero.
Investors believed that AMC stock would fall given that cinemas were forced to close during the pandemic. Therefore, when retail investors drove the stock price up over the last few months, many hedge funds had to cover their losses which resulted in the stock skyrocketing. This is what is known as a short-squeeze.