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Vega **measures the amount of increase or decrease in an option premium based on a 1% change in implied volatility**. Vega is a derivative of implied volatility. ... Implied volatility is used to price option contracts and its value is reflected in the option's premium.

A high vega option -- if you **want one -- generally costs a little more than an out-of-the-money option, and has a higher-than-average theta (or time decay)**. Lower-vega options that are out of the money are dirt cheap, but not all that responsive to price changes in the underlying stock or index.

Vega **measures the sensitivity of the option price to a 1% change in the implied volatility**. The units of vega are $/σ; however, like the other Greeks, the units are often left out. An option with a vega of 0.10 would mean that for every 1% change in the IV, the option price should change by $0.10.

Example for calculating vega

At the time of valuation, the price of the Apple stock (S) is $300, the volatility (σ) of Apple stock is 30% and the risk-free rate (r) is 3% (market data). The vega of the call option is **approximately equal to 0.3447963**.

Vega **changes when there are large price movements** (increased volatility) in the underlying asset, and falls as the option approaches expiration.

To calculate the vega of an options portfolio, you simply **sum up the vegas of all the positions**. The vega on short positions should be subtracted by the vega on long positions (all weighted by the lots). In a vega neutral portfolio, total vega of all the positions will be zero.

The option's vega is a measure of the impact of changes in the underlying volatility on the option price. Specifically, the vega of an option expresses the **change in the price of the option for every 1% change in underlying volatility**. Options tend to be more expensive when volatility is higher.

The vega of an option represents the amount the option's value changes when there is a 1% change in the underlying asset's volatility. ... Since a credit spread is a net short position and has negative vegas, it indicates that the **position decreases in value when the underlying asset's volatility increases**.

Vega does not have any effect on the intrinsic value of options; it **only affects the “time value” of an option's price**. Typically, as implied volatility increases, the value of options will increase. That's because an increase in implied volatility suggests an increased range of potential movement for the stock.

When searching for a potential long call recommendation, say, what would be the ideal vega? BS: There isn't an "ideal" vega for call purchases -- just remember: **the lower, the better**. When buying options, you don't want to be penalized for buying excessively expensive ones.

When the stock is near the strike, **an increase in volatility has a direct effect on the payoffs**. Hence the extrinsic value will increase significantly, so the vega is higher.

Short vega means **you make money when people expect the underlying to move less than they had expected previously**, you lose money when people expect the underlying to move more than they had expected previously. Usually these two things are opposite.

Vega for **all options is always a positive number** because options increase in value when volatility increases and decrease in value when volatility declines. When position Vegas are generated, however, positive and negative signs appear.

To hedge vega, it is **necessary to use some combination of buying and selling puts or calls**. As such, a good way to limit the volatility risk is by using spreads. There is a wide variety of spread strategies. The main attribute of the technique is to combine long and short option positions for the same underlying asset.

Neutralizing Option Vega

The way to decrease and sometimes totally neutralize vega is by **using a spread and in particular a vertical spread**. Let's keep this lesson fairly simple. Option prices are affected by IV, as we know. If IV is higher than normal, option prices tend to be high.

If IV rises after you enter the trade, **the value of your position increases** because of vega (higher volatility). Conversely, you'd ideally sell premium when IV is high and vega is negative. A subsequent decline in IV would then work in your favor.

As time elapses, **option vega decreases** – that is, decays with time. Time amplifies the effect of volatility changes. As a result, vega is greater for long-dated options than for short dated options.

**Vega has the same value for calls and puts** and its' value is a positive number. ... When volatility rises, it will increase the value of the option by the Vega amount for every 1 % point move in the volatility.

Vega's name comes **from the Arabic word "waqi,"** which means "falling" or "swooping." "This is a reference to the time when people regarded the constellation Lyra as a swooping vulture rather than a lyre," wrote Michael Anissimov on the website Wisegeek.

For instance, delta is **a measure of the change in an option's price or premium resulting from a change in the underlying asset**, while theta measures its price decay as time passes. ... Vega measures the risk of changes in implied volatility or the forward-looking expected volatility of the underlying asset price.

So, a Delta of 0.40 suggests that given a $1 move in the underlying stock, the option will likely gain or lose about the same amount of money as 40 shares of the stock. Call options have a positive Delta that can range from 0.00 to 1.00. At-the-money options usually have a Delta **near 0.50**.

Delta **measures the degree to which an option is exposed to shifts in the price of the underlying asset** (i.e., a stock) or commodity (i.e., a futures contract). ... Generally speaking, an at-the-money option usually has a delta at approximately 0.5 or -0.5.

**Delta is positive for call options** and negative for put options. That is because a rise in price of the stock is positive for call options but negative for put options. A positive delta means that you are long on the market and a negative delta means that you are short on the market.

Let us look at an example of this ratio. Say a call option has a value of $10, and the underlying asset has a price of $20. The underlying asset increases in price to $23, and the option value corresponds by increasing to $11. The delta is equal to: **($11-$10)/($23-$20) = 0.33**.