Your original loan amount was $200,000, you're 20 years into a 30-year term, and your interest rate is 4%. Paying down $20,000 of the principal in one go could save you roughly $8,300 in interest and allow you to pay it off completely 2.5 years sooner.
Overview: Paying Off Your Mortgage Early
You owe less in interest as you pay down your principal, which is the amount of money you originally borrowed. Most of your payment goes toward interest during the first few years of your loan. You owe less in interest as you pay down your principal.
By adding $300 to your monthly payment, you'll save just over $64,000 in interest and pay off your home over 11 years sooner. Consider another example. You have a remaining balance of $350,000 on your current home on a 30-year fixed rate mortgage.
Making additional principal payments will shorten the length of your mortgage term and allow you to build equity faster. Because your balance is being paid down faster, you'll have fewer total payments to make, in-turn leading to more savings.
Let's say your outstanding balance is $200,000, your interest rate is 5% and you want to pay off the balance in 60 payments – five years. In Excel, the formula is PMT(interest rate/number of payments per year,total number of payments,outstanding balance). So, for this example you would type =PMT(. 05/12,60,200000).
Paying an extra $1,000 per month would save a homeowner a staggering $320,000 in interest and nearly cut the mortgage term in half. To be more precise, it'd shave nearly 12 and a half years off the loan term. The result is a home that is free and clear much faster, and tremendous savings that can rarely be beat.
To be fair, Ramsey does not advise paying off your mortgage as a first step. He wants you to pay off all of your other debt first and then start setting aside 15% of your money to stick in mutual funds. ... According to Ramsey himself, you'll get a 12% rate of return if you put your money into an index fund.
Paying off your mortgage early frees up that future money for other uses. While it's true you may lose the tax deduction on mortgage interest, you may still save a considerable amount on servicing the debt.
Adding Extra Each Month
Simply paying a little more towards the principal each month will allow the borrower to pay off the mortgage early. Just paying an additional $100 per month towards the principal of the mortgage reduces the number of months of the payments.
The general rule is that if you double your required payment, you will pay your 30-year fixed rate loan off in less than ten years. A $100,000 mortgage with a 6 percent interest rate requires a payment of $599.55 for 30 years. If you double the payment, the loan is paid off in 109 months, or nine years and one month.
Make one extra mortgage payment each year
Making an extra mortgage payment each year could reduce the term of your loan significantly. ... For example, by paying $975 each month on a $900 mortgage payment, you'll have paid the equivalent of an extra payment by the end of the year.
Set up a biweekly payment schedule
Some lenders will let you set up your payment schedule this way. You pay half your mortgage every other week, which adds up to one whole extra payment per year. This is because there are 52 weeks per year, which is 26 half-payments, or 13 full payments.
Short time horizons and lower risk tolerance should favor paying down your mortgage, especially if you're not deducting your interest on your tax return. Longer time horizons in a tax-exempt account favor investing in the market.
On home mortgages, a large payment to principal reduces the loan balance, and with it the fully amortizing monthly payment, or FAMP. On home mortgages, a large payment to principal reduces the loan balance, and with it the fully amortizing monthly payment, or FAMP.
Rather than focusing on interest rates, you pay off your smallest debt first while making minimum payments on your other debt. Once you pay off the smallest debt, use that cash to make larger payments on the next smallest debt. Continue until all your debt is paid off.
The answer to this, almost always, is that you should overpay – if you have the choice. Decreasing the term sounds sensible, and does almost exactly the same job that overpaying does – both mean you pay more each month, you pay less interest, and your mortgage is paid off sooner.